I was travelling home from my vacation in Paradise with family on Friday when I was delayed on the tarmac (imagine that!). As all electronic devices were shut down I was relinquished to reading every single page of the Delta magazine in the seatback pocket while we waited an hour for an important “piece of paper “ to be delivered to the cockpit (the ground crew was clearly on island time). While turning page after page of articles on which restaurant in LA was the most hip currently, I came across a large section in the magazine featuring Americans going abroad to pay cash for Medical care. The section was a 6-page layout (some of which was paid advertising) touting ways to ensure great care in far-away places such as Thailand or India or the sun-splashed island resort destinations of the Bahamas or Antigua. The medical clinics went on to discuss the benefits of combining vacation with medical procedures all while “saving” lots of money. Privacy, exceptional care and beautiful beaches; it sounds crazy right? Maybe not if you are not independently wealthy or well insured.
Certainly we have all heard of large clinics in India where uninsured or underinsured Americans could go to have coronary artery bypass grafting and other advanced procedures by well qualified physicians at a mere fraction of the cost here in the US. Once home I began to delve deeper into the overseas medical care market. I was surprised to see that the industry was growing and actively recruiting US trained and certified specialists. Many exotic locations were advertised. There does seem to be an international certification entity that is involved in facility accreditation—also many physicians have reputable European or US based medical school diplomas or post- graduate training.
In 2007, an estimated 750,000 Americans travelled abroad for medical care and it is estimated that by the end of 2012 medical tourism is expected to be a 12million dollar industry. As physicians we encounter potential medical tourists every single day–those that are underinsured or uninsured. Many of our patients struggle to make co-pays. Interestingly, medical tourism also attracts patients from countries that have universal health care–often seeking choice and better access. Typically, surgical procedures cost 50-90% less than the average cost for the identical procedure in the US. Overseas costs are less due to lower provider wages, less expensive devices, less malpractice, and less third party payors.
On the positive side, patients may receive world-class care at a fraction of the cost. For instance, instead of a $100,000 to 150,000+ bill on cardiac surgery in the US, a patient may only pay $8000 cash in India including travel and accommodations. US hospitals are rigorously monitored and undergo scrutiny from many agencies. On the downside, if a procedure goes badly outside of the US, patients have very little recourse. Medical malpractice lawsuits are something of an American pastime and aren’t provided for in many places overseas. There are published accounts of patients who have gone overseas and paid cash for plastic surgery procedures only to arrive back in the US in pain and in need of more procedures at home to correct “botched surgery”.
We must carefully look at the forces that have created this new booming industry. At home, many are uninsured and those with insurance face large financially burdensome deductibles or unreasonable co-pays. Physician salaries and reimbursements are declining. It makes perfect sense that both the consumer and the provider turn to non-US based alternatives. Our healthcare system is in crisis. IF we as PHYSICIAN providers do not continue to work to involve ourselves in healthcare reform, many US patients and all the best doctors may be greeting one another on a beach in Costa Rica–while sipping a Pina Colada.